Fall Prevention for Older Adults
The purpose of this evidence-based guideline is to describe strategies for identifying persons at risk for falling and for preventing falls in older adults while maintaining autonomy and independence. The goals of this guideline are to: 1) identify factors that place an individual at risk for falling; 2) detect persons who have experienced a fall; 3) prevent the occurrence of falls; and 4) prevent injury from falls among older adults. This guideline includes information regarding risk factors for falling, fall evaluation tools, fall prevention interventions, and outcome evaluations that pertain to the care of older adults in primary care, acute care, long-term care, and community settings. Written 1996; Revised 2004; 2016.
Toolkit Included in Guideline:
- Fall Risk Factors Checklist
- Falls Screening Tool
- Fulmer SPICES: An Overall Assessment Tool of Older Adults
- Heindrich II Fall Risk Model
- Falls Diary
- Formulas for Calculating Fall Rates and Fall Injury Rates
- Fall Circumstances in Long-Term Care Residents
- Get up and Go Test
- Timed Up and Go Test
- Berg Balance Scale
- Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment
- Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living
- The Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale
- Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC): Fall Prevention - 6490
- Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC): Fall Prevention Behavior – 1909
- Knowledge Assessment Test
- Process Evaluation Monitor
- Quality Improvement Monitor
- Quality of Care Monitor
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